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    What are the different types of bite issues? 

    While orthodontic treatment helps straighten your teeth, it can also help fix any bite issues you may be having. Having an improper bite, also known as malocclusion, can affect things such as eating, speaking, breathing and overall quality of life. Let’s learn more about the most common bite issues you may encounter: 

    Deep bite: This occurs when the upper front teeth cover up the bottom teeth. This can cause the upper teeth to bite into lower gums, or the lower teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. Enamel wear is also common with this type of bite.

    Crossbite: This occurs when the upper teeth fit inside of the lower teeth. This type of bite can cause your jaw to shift to one side, and can wear down your enamel.

    Underbite: This occurs when the lower jaw sits in front of the upper jaw. This type of bite causes stress on the jaw joints and wears down the enamel. 

    Open bite: There are two different types of open bite: anterior and posterior. Anterior occurs when the back teeth are together, and the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap. Posterior open bite occurs when the front teeth meet, but the back teeth do not. Open bites have been shown to lead to problems with swallowing and speech if left untreated. 

     

    Crowding: This occurs when there isn’t enough space for the teeth. Whether that be due to them being too big, or not having enough space in the jaw, it can cause the teeth to overlap, rotate, or appear crooked/staggered. If left untreated, properly cleaning teeth becomes difficult and can lead to cavities or gum disease.  

    Spacing: In contrast with crowding, spacing occurs when there’s too much space between the teeth. Situations that may cause this include missing teeth, undersized teeth, or oversized jaws. If left untreated, food can become stuck in the open spaces and lead to cavities or gum disease. 

    Protrusion: This occurs when the top front teeth stick out too far. This could be due to the fact that the upper jaw is too far forward, the lower jaw is too far back, or the teeth grew in at an angle. If left untreated, it can be difficult to close the mouth comfortably, leading to dried out oral tissues or even tooth decay. The protruding teeth are also more susceptible to being accidentally broken. This type of bite can also lead to speech problems. 

    Leaving these bite issues untreated can affect your overall oral health. If you’re experiencing any of the issues above, it’s important to see an orthodontist to discuss treatment options. Schedule your free consultation with us today!